Born, Max

   physicist; a key player in the development of quantum mechanics. A native of Breslau (now Poland s Wroclaw), he began university studies in his home city. Moving to Gottingen in 1904 to study with David Hilbert, he took a doctorate in 1907 and then taught and did research variously at Breslau, Gottingen, and Cambridge. A visiting professorship at Chi-cago in 1912 was followed by independent research and then appointment in 1915 as ausserordentlicher Professor at Berlin.* Relieving Max Planck* of lec-ture obligations, he became full professor and spent four years working with Planck and Albert Einstein.* During 1919-1921 he swapped positions with Max von Laue* and taught at Frankfurt.
   When Born was proffered Gottingen's theoretical physics chair in 1921, he persuaded Carl Becker,* Prussian Cultural Minister, to jointly appoint James Franck.* With Hilbert, Franck, Werner Heisenberg,* and Robert Pohl, he was soon absorbed by quantum theory. Among his collaborators were Enrico Fermi of Italy, Victor Weisskopf of Vienna, Eugen Wigner of Hungary, and Robert Oppenheimer of the United States. By 1930, with his work internationally rec-ognized, gifted researchers were arriving to hone their skills at Gottingen's "Born School. But Born was of Jewish ancestry. On 25 April 1933, as stip-ulated by the Nazis' Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums (Law for the restoration of the professional civil service), he was dismissed. Until then, he wrote later to Einstein, "I had never especially considered myself Jew-ish. Naturally, I now feel it very strongly. He left Germany in May, taught for two years at Cambridge, and then became Professor of Natural Philosophy at Edinburgh.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Beyerchen, Scientists under Hitler; DSB, vol. 15, suppl. 1.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • BORN, MAX — (1882–1970), German physicist and Nobel Prize winner. A son of the anatomist Gustav Born, he was born in Breslau and lectured on physics in Berlin (1915), Frankfurt (1919), and Goettingen (1921). Although he had dissociated himself from the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Born,Max — Born (bôrn), Max. 1882 1970. German born physicist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for his pioneering work in quantum mechanics. * * * …   Universalium

  • Born, Max — born Dec. 11, 1882, Breslau, Ger. died Jan. 5, 1970, Göttingen, W.Ger. German physicist. He taught theoretical physics at the University of Göttingen from 1921 to 1933, when he fled to Britain. There he taught principally at the University of… …   Universalium

  • Born , Max — (1882–1970) German physicist Born was the son of an embryologist, a professor of anatomy at the University of Breslau (now Wrocław) in Poland. He was educated at the university in his native city of Breslau, and at the universities of Heidelberg …   Scientists

  • Born, Max — ► (1882 1970) Físico alemán. Desarrolló los fundamentos de la mecánica cuántica y la interpretación probabilística de la función de ondas. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1954 por sus trabajos en mecánica cuántica. * * * (11 dic. 1882, Breslau,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Born, Max — (1882–1970)    German physicist and Nobel laureate, 1954. The son of an anatomist, Born grew up in Breslau and lectured on physics in Berlin, Frankfurt and Goettingen. Though not a professing Jew, he was dismissed from Goettingen in 1933. He went …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Born, Max — (1882 1970)    German physicist. He was born in Breslau, and lectured on physics in Berlin, Frankfurt and Gottingen. He later moved to Britain and taught at Edinburgh University. On his retirement, he returned to Germany. He played a major role… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Born — Max …   Scientists

  • Born — Born, Max …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Max Born — (1882 1970) Born 11 December 1882(1882 12 11) …   Wikipedia

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